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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 92467 Find in a Library
Title: Prediction of Recidivism and the Evaluation of Treatment Programs for Sex Offenders (From Sexual Aggression and the Law, P 27-40, 1983, Simon N Verdun-Jones and Alfred A Keltner, eds. - See NCJ-92464)
Author(s): V L Quinsey
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Ontario Mental Health Foundation
Toronto, Ontario M4V 1K9, Canada
Simon Fraser University
Burnaby, BC, Canada V5A 1S6
Sale Source: Simon Fraser University
Criminology Research Centre
Burnaby, BC,
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: Sex offenders who are treated, particularly with behavioral methods, are less likely to recidivate than are those who are not treated.
Abstract: However, several important issues remain unresolved, including the most effective treatment program for a given type of sex offender and the amount by which the most effective program actually reduces recidivism. The evaluations of treatment programs which have been conducted to date have included case studies and uncontrolled treatment studies, but not studies with randomly assigned control groups and long-term followup periods. However, the available research has shown that offense history is strongly related to recidivism. In addition, sexual arousal patterns as measured in the laboratory are related both to prior history and to subsequent recidivism. Patients' sexual arousal patterns can be readily changed using certain behavioral methods. These changes are related to recidivism in the short-term. Patients who recidivate appear to revert to their original sexual preference patterns. Changes in sexual knowledge and in social skills can result from behavioral methods, but it is unclear whether initial deficits in these areas are related to offense history of whether improvements are predictive of lower recidivism rates. Group and individual psychotherapies have not been shown to produce short or long-term changes with sex offenders, but these methods have not been rigorously evaluated. Thirty-three references are listed. (Author summary modified)
Index Term(s): Criminality prediction; Forensic psychiatry; Forensic psychology; Recidivism; Sex offenders; Treatment
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