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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 92495 Find in a Library
Title: Environmental Factors and Their Relation to Mental Retardation and the Criminal Justice System (From Black Mentally Retarded Offender - A Holistic Approach to Prevention and Habilitation, P 141-156, 1982, Aminifu R Harvey and Terry L Carr - ed. See NCJ-92487)
Author(s): R W Diggs
Corporate Author: United Church of Christ
Cmssn of Racial Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: United Church of Christ
New York, NY 10002
Sale Source: United Church of Christ
Cmssn of Racial Justice
105 Madison Avenue
New York, NY 10002
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The environmental factors related to mental retardation are disproportionately experienced by blacks, and a disproportionate percentage of mentally retarded black offenders are incarcerated without the programs needed to counteract debilitating environmental influences; programs similar to the JUMP program in Virginia are among those needed.
Abstract: Research has shown that children raised in urban ghettos and impoverished rural areas are more likely to be diagnosed as mentally retarded than children from middle class neighborhoods. A major reason is because of the generally deprived intellectual environment in which minority group children have been nurtured, combined with numerous other problems linked with poverty, such as poor nutrition, unhealthy living conditions, poor child care, family emotional problems, inadequate educational programs, and related aspects of deprivation. Offender data from Virginia's Tidewater region also show a disproportionate commitment of black mentally retarded offenders to State correctional facilities, where little is done to counteract the cyclical pattern of no job, too much free time, getting into trouble, incarceration, release, and no job. Virginia's Juveniles Unemployment Making Progress (JUMP) Program has made an effort to break this cycle by providing a variety of services, including assessment, work counseling, education, life survival skills education, skill training, employability skill courses, social education courses, work placement, and postplacement counseling. The program has had a significant impact on the recidivism of its clients. Nine references are provided.
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans; Employment services; Environmental influences; Offenders with Intellectual or Developmental Disabilities; Virginia
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