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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 92599 Find in a Library
Title: International Summaries: Parole Decision-Making in Canada: Research Towards Decision Guidelines
Author(s): J Nuffield
Corporate Author: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 4
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS Publication Sales
Box 6000 Department F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on Canadian study of parole decision patterns and parolee recidivism, this report proposes parole guidelines and discusses their implications.
Abstract: Research involved a representative sample of one-quarter of the male inmates (about 2,500) released from Canadian Federal penitentiaries in 1970, 1971, and 1972. Data were analyzed using regression analysis and predictive attribute analysis. Results confirmed previous findings that the seriousness of the crime was not an important discriminating factor in parole decisions when a minimum term had been set. In keeping with the Parole Board's policy statements and statutory mandates, risk was the prime consideration in parole decisionmaking. Findings on offender characteristics related to parole recidivism suggest that crimes against persons were associated with lower recidivism rates than property crimes. The simple summation instrument was determined to be the best means of correcting the discrepancy in best-risk decisions for both general and violent recidivism categories. In the proposed guidelines, risk is the key factor in parole decisions. Based on risk scores, inmates would qualify for particular parole procedures, with high-risk offenders being paroled later than low-risk offenders and under a series of conditional releases before final parole release.
Index Term(s): Canada; Federal parole guidelines; Parole board; Probation or parole decisionmaking
Note: NIJ/NCJRS international summary of "Parole Decision-Making in Canada: Research Towards Decision Guidelines" (NCJ-87179).
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