skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 92659 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of the Philadelphia Defender Child Advocacy Unit Summary Report
Corporate Author: University City Science Ctr
United States of America
Project Director: F R Kirkland
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 69
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Washington, DC 20531
University City Science Ctr
Washington, DC 20005
Grant Number: 79-JN-AX-0032
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Context, process, and outcome evaluations of the Philadelphia Defender Child Advocacy Unit (CAU) conducted during 1979-80 recommend improvements in caseload, staff morale, and organizational issues management.
Abstract: The Defender CAU is a semipublic agency which provides legal and social services to nearly 1,500 nondelinquent children annually, including abuse and neglect victims, status offenders, children involved in adoption disputes, and mental health/mental retardation commitments. The context evaluation reviewed the literature of advocacy and children's rights, traced the history and development of the CAU and studied the relationships between the CAU and other Philadelphia agencies. The process evaluation included a study of the unit's organization, particularly its staffing, philosophy, and internal views of effectiveness. Unit operations were examined, including information and client flows, procedures and effectiveness of courtroom work and field activities, and the exigencies of working in the Philadelphia system. The CAU's impact on its clients' school performance, family stability and experiences in the justice and social service system were also studied. The CAU's effectiveness in preventing delinquency was highlighted. Report recommendations include establishing an active advisory council, creating a stronger impression of separateness from the Family Court, and strengthening the child-centered nature of their representation. The CAU should resolve the role ambiguity between representing the child's best interests and being an advocate for the child's stated wishes, adopt a more aggressive courtroom posture, and resolve attorney-social worker conflicts to strengthen intraorganization communications. Tabular data, approximately 60 references, 23 court case citations, and 6 statute citations are included.
Index Term(s): Abused children; Children at risk; Pennsylvania; Program evaluation; Rights of minors; Services effectiveness; Social service agencies; Youth advocacy organizations
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.