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NCJ Number: 92793 Find in a Library
Title: Coordination of State and Federal Judicial Systems (From What Changes Are Most Needed in the Procedures Used in the United States Justice System? P 293-321, 1982 - See NCJ-92785)
Author(s): J B Weinstein
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 29
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Although State courts handle most criminal and civil cases, the State and Federal judicial systems should develop methods for effectively using joint resources through a cooperative and coordinated approach.
Abstract: Despite the differences in the two judicial systems, both courts operate in the same context and use lawyers and judges who trained together at law school, have a common legal history, and share the same social, political, and economic preconceptions. Judicial cooperation should focus on issues involving joint Federal-State jurisdiction, potential changes in jurisdiction, working out systems to avoid scheduling conflicts in Federal and State cases involving the same attorneys, and sharing pro bono services by attorneys. Additional areas where coordination would be desirable would be sharing computerized records to reduce administrative difficulties, adopting a single system for bar membership and discipline, improving jury selection procedures, and using one data base from which to draw both Federal and State jurors. In the criminal justice area, cooperation between the State and Federal judicial systems should entail using Federal facilities such as old Conservation Corps camps to reduce prison overcrowding, joint sentencing by State and Federal judges in certain cases, and cooperation between probation services. Although the legislature bears the main responsibility for better coordination of the State and Federal judicial systems, judges can encourage cooperation through joint training sessions and the State-Federal Judicial Council. Footnotes are provided.
Index Term(s): Court relations; Federal courts; Interagency cooperation; State courts
Note: Article is adapted from the 1982 James B. M. McNally Lecture, delivered at St. John's University School of Law on April 21, 1982. Reprinted from St. John's Law Review, V 57, Fall 1982, P 1-29
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=92793

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