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NCJ Number: 92870 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Neighborhood Police in the People's Republic of China
Journal: Police Studies  Volume:6  Issue:4  Dated:(Winter 1983-84)  Pages:8-12
Author(s): E H Johnson
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The neighborhood police station is effective in the watching style of prevention because it is functionally and structurally integrated within the neighborhood. This type of crime prevention dominates in China.
Abstract: The watching strategy of crime prevention has become more prevalent in the West, with the new emphasis on Neighborhood Watch and other such programs. The People's Republic of China (PRC) relies heavily on watching. Watching on the part of the citizens reflects Mao's philosophy, which relies on citizen participation rather than professionalization. The PRC efforts to maintain order do not have the typically Western constraints of judiciary that must uphold due process. PRC neighborhood police strive to conform to the Maoist injunction to maintain close contact with the workers and peasants. The police educate the people about the laws and emphasize the need to conform to 'socialist consciousness.' Above the neighborhood level are professional units in which the prevailing ethics is that of compliance with a political, rather than professional, ideology. Neighborhood police do not arrest, but instead turn to this higher level of professionals. Because of Maoist ideology that gives priority to duty over privacy, the Chinese have little compunction about taking action where deviance is suspected. Public security committees, composed of citizens, assist the police. Fourteen notes are included.
Index Term(s): China; Citizen advisory committees; Citizen crime reporting; Community involvement; Police field services units; Role perception
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