skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 92899 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Armed Robbery and Burglary Prevention Act - Hearing on HR 6386 Before the House of Representatives Subcommittee on Crime, September 23, 1982
Corporate Author: US Congress
House Subcommittee on Crime
United States of America
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 348
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Congress
Washington, DC 20515
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Legislative/Regulatory Material
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The testimony presented pertains to H.R. 6386 and S. 1688, which would permit Federal prosecution of any person who, after being previously convicted of two or more robberies or burglaries, is charged with a third robbery or burglary involving the use of a firearm.
Abstract: Supporters of the legislation, which include the Senator and Congressman that introduced the legislation and a representative of the Justice Department, argue that it will enhance local and State efforts to deal with serious and habitual 'street' criminals by providing certain and severe sanctions at the Federal level for chronic property offenders. Supporters, however, advise that any authorization for Federal jurisdiction should make clear that the primary responsibility for robbery and burglary cases will remain with State and local authorities, with a strong standard for the declination of Federal jurisdiction being essential. A representative of the National District Attorneys Association affirms this organization's opposition to the legislation, arguing that the specified crimes have traditionally been the responsibility of local jurisdictions and that such an expansion of Federal jurisdiction as proposed in the legislation, in the absence of compelling reasons, threatens the delicate balance between Federal and local governments. Further, it is argued that it is unreasonable to create a Federal crime for burglary and robbery when the U.S. attorneys cannot cope with their present caseload of serious offenders. While the representative of the Justice Department argues for the constitutionality and appropriateness of the bills, concern is expressed about the bills' attempt to dictate the precise manner in which the States and the Federal Government are to consult to decide which sovereign will prosecute an offense which is a violation of the new statute and also of State law. Various studies associated with career criminal programs and the possibility of introducing such a program at the Federal level are included. For individual documents, see NCJ 92900-02.
Index Term(s): Armed robbery; Burglary; Habitual offenders; Legislation; Testimony
Note: Includes microfiche versions of NCJ-92900 to 92902.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.