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NCJ Number: 92964 Find in a Library
Title: America's Courts and the Criminal Justice System - Second Edition
Author(s): D W Neubauer
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 422
Sponsoring Agency: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co
Pacific Grove, CA 93950
Sale Source: Brooks/Cole Publishing Co
511 Forest Lodge Road
Pacific Grove, CA 93950
United States of America
Type: Overview Text
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This text for undergraduate courses focuses on the dynamics of the U.S. trial courts for adult offenders, addressing court procedures, criminal law, actors in the system, sentencing, and court reforms.
Abstract: An introduction examines the controversies surrounding the criminal courts, while an overview of the legal basis of the criminal courts covers criminal procedures, criminal law, and court organization. A discussion of the legal actors -- judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys -- who make most daily decisions emphasizes how these actors' working relationships structure their exercise of discretion. The text surveys the general stages cases pass through from arrest to the determination of guilt or innocence, focusing on why cases are removed from the process and why cases are bargained out. Specific topics considered are types of cases that come to the criminal courts, case screening procedures, the bail system, discovery, suppression of evidence, and the trial process. Chapters on sentencing examine the legal basis for a wide range of discretionary power in sentencing and how courtroom work groups choose between prison and probation. The final section explores reform proposals to improve the quality of rapid, rough justice dispensed by the lower courts and to reduce court delays. News stories and other excerpts from published materials illustrate issues addressed in the text. Each chapter includes tables, diagrams, discussion questions, and references. An index is supplied.
Index Term(s): Criminal justice overview texts; Criminal law; Felony courts
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