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NCJ Number: 93068 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Toward a Refinement of Purpose in Comparative Criminological Research - Research Site Selection in Focus
Journal: International Journal of Comparative and Applied Criminal Justice  Volume:7  Issue:1  Dated:(Spring 1983)  Pages:89-97
Author(s): I H Marshall; C E Marshall
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
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United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper draws on a distinction between two purposes of comparative research: (1) testing the universality of a proposition (theory testing) and (2) specification of a proposition (theory construction).
Abstract: These two distinct activities have been inadvertently mixed in comparative criminology thereby causing a great deal of confusion. The present paper argues that attention by comparative researchers to this distinction between theory testing and theory construction will contribute to the resolution of one major methodological problem: that of research site selection. We suggest that in light of the distinction drawn, the testing of the universality of a proposition is most appropriately done in research comparing Western and non-Western nations ('dissimilar design'). But comparative research aimed at the specification of a proposition is best conducted by comparing Western nations ('similar design'). (Publisher abstract)
Index Term(s): Comparative criminology
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 1978 Meeting of the American Society of Gerontology.
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