skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 93528 Find in a Library
Title: Training of Prison Governors - Role Ambiguity and Socialization
Author(s): P A J Waddington
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 188
Sponsoring Agency: Croom Helm Ltd
Dover, NH 03820
Sale Source: Croom Helm Ltd
51 Washington Street
81 Adams Drive
Dover, NH 03820
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: This book analyzes the impact of role ambiguity on occupational socialization, based on data collected from 33 recruits in an 8-month training program for prison assistant governors (AG's) conducted by Great Britain's Prison Service.
Abstract: Following a review of occupational socialization theories, the author explains why AG's were selected to test these concepts and the research design. Participant observation, interviews, and repertory grid analysis were used to assess the attitude changes and impact of the training on a heterogeneous group of 33 recruits, of whom 4 were women. The sample had a wide age range, diverse social class and educational backgrounds, and differences in marital status. Attitudes investigated were identification with the role and idealism. The book describes patterns of change that emerged as the recruits passed through the initial training and socialization, the training course, and recruits' responses to this training. While recruits' idealism declined, socialization provided no substitute conception of the job, and recruits had no clear and agreed notion of the work they were to do as AG's. The instructors were also afflicted by the absence of an agreed set of goals, and a profound sense of aimlessness surrounded the training. Recruits saw their training as largely purposeless, but paradoxically believed themselves better prepared to do the job as AG at the end. The book's final chapter discusses the failure of socialization theories in this situation -- a heterogeneous collection of individuals was not transformed into a functionally homogeneous group -- and attributes it largely to the peculiarly ambiguous role image of the AG. Footnotes accompany each chapter. Graphs, tables, and an index are supplied.
Index Term(s): Great Britain/United Kingdom
Note: Published in association with the London School of Economics and Political Science.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.