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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 93572 Find in a Library
Title: Entity Liability Under RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations) (From Techniques in the Investigation and Prosecution of Organized Crime, Volume Three, 1980-See NCJ-93571)
Author(s): P Alves; W Stern
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 39
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The provisions of the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) should be construed liberally and therefore applied strictly to corporations and other entities such as partnerships and associations.
Abstract: Section 1962 of the law proscribes conduct by any entity which is capable of holding a legal or beneficial interest in property. For an entity, liability is necessarily vicarious. The conduct involved must form a pattern of racketeering activity. The individual's function rather than the title or position determines that individual's authority to bind the corporation in a criminal transaction, although it is not necessary to identify a single, culpable individual. The intent to benefit the corporation is the second distinguishing element of entity liability. Violation of section 1962 may subject a corporation or entity to a $25,000 fine and possible forfeiture. Decisions involving vicarious entity liability have varied with respect to whether income from a pattern of racketeering activity is considered a forfeitable interest. The legislative history of the law indicates that income should be included among forfeitable interests. Making the entity rather than the individual employee or agent liable is the most effective deterrent. Such forfeiture can achieve the broad deterrent goals of the Organized Crime Control Act. A total of 112 footnotes are supplied.
Index Term(s): Corporate criminal liability; Forfeiture law; Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) Act
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