skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 93588 Find in a Library
Title: Policing Reform - A Study of the Reform Process and Police Institution in Toronto
Author(s): M W McMahon; R V Ericson
Corporate Author: University of Toronto
Centre of Criminology
Publications Officer
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 164
Sponsoring Agency: University of Toronto
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1, Canada
Sale Source: University of Toronto
Centre of Criminology
Publications Officer
130 St George Street
Rm 8001
Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1,
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: This book explores reasons why organizations dedicated to reform of police institutions succumb to pressure to work within the institutions' parameters.
Abstract: The study focused on the history and evolution of a Canadian reform group, Citizens' Independent review of Police Activities (CIRPA), that initially appeared to have an outsider orientation. CIRPA wanted to conduct independent reviews of complaints against the police. One of CIRPA's strategies was to bring detailed allegations to the Police Commission and to express discontent with the regular official channels for processing complaints. CIRPA's original objective of achieving independent review gave way to support of the official system in various ways. Similarly, CIRPA's goal of democratizing the Police Commission fell aside as the group actually began working with the Commission. When CIRPA could not reach its original goals, less oppositional goals supplanted these original ones. This change relates to the organization's search for legitimacy. The Police Commission both explicitly and implicitly outlined a role for CIRPA. The organization's acceptance of this role affected its development in other aeas. The nature of the alliance that exists between authorities and outsider organizations is that the latter only gain credence insofar as they can be brought inside to serve the interests of the dominant order. A total of 75 references are included. Appendixes include a copy of a police pamphlet, CIRPA information, a report on change in the Toronto Police Department, an organizational chart, and proposed resolutions for change.
Index Term(s): Canada; Citizen associations; Citizen grievances; Complaints against police; Police community relations; Police reform
Note: Research Report
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.