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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 93604 Find in a Library
Title: Federal Prosecution of Public Officals
Journal: American Journal of Police  Volume:3  Issue:1  Dated:(Fall 1983)  Pages:17-36
Author(s): W G Archambeault; A E Elmore
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 20
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Federal prosecutors' zeal has resulted in a massive increase in the number of indictments and prosecutions of public officials since 'Watergate.' The charges involving State and local officials have been vague and the evidence 'soft,' while charges against Federal officials have involved actus reus and 'hard' evidence.
Abstract: The data presented summarize the patterns of Federal prosecution of corrupt officials from 1978 through 1981, based on information contained in the April 1982 Report to Congress of the Public Integrity Section, U.S. Justice Department, for 1981. During the decade following 'Watergate' and in response to the public outrage over it, the Federal Government reformulated its policy regarding the prosecution of corrupt public officials and implemented an aggressive strategy of enforcement and prosecution. About 14 times as many public officials and their confederates were indicted and 16.5 times as many were convicted in 1981 as in 1970. About two-thirds of the 3,396 indicted and the 2,583 convicted public officials were State or local officials also subject to State laws. Overall, findings suggest that Federal prosecutors have gone after the public officials who are the most vulnerable (the less powerful). Tabular data and 28 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Corruption of public officials; Federal government; Government reactions to crime; Prosecutorial discretion
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