skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 93819 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Nature and Prevalence of Learning Deficiencies Among Adult Inmates
Author(s): R Bell; E H Conard; B Gazze; S C Greenwood; J G Lutz; R J Suppa
Corporate Author: Lehigh University
United States of America
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 251
Sponsoring Agency: Lehigh University
Bethlehem, PA 18015
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 81-IJ-CS-0014
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The interactive effect of socioeconomic background, unstable childhood home, and the incidence of specific learning disabilities may be the most important determinant of antisocial behavior which results in contact with the criminal justice system.
Abstract: Data came from about 1,000 inmates of 9 State prisons in Louisiana, Pennsylvania, and Washington. The nature and prevalence of learning deficiencies and their interrelationships with various demographic, background, and criminal justice variables were explored. As a group, the prisoners were a deprived population coming from unstable family environments, having severe educational deficits, lacking vocational training or steady employment, and often abusing drugs and alcohol. Often, they had been in contact with the criminal justice system since childhood and came from ethnic minorities. Current educational and treatment systems apparently had not made any significant inroads in helping them overcome these barriers. Almost half of the sample had some form of functional illiteracy. One quarter showed some indication of specific learning disabilities. The educational programs in prisons should be redesigned to meet the basic educational needs of the vast majority of inmates; sophisticated educational diagnoses should take place during intake. Additional policy and research recommendations, 34 tables, and 25 references are provided. For the executive summary of this report, see NCJ 93820.
Index Term(s): Educationally disadvantaged persons; Inmate academic education; Learning disabilities; Nonbehavioral correlates of crime
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.