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NCJ Number: 93842 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Specific Deterrent Effects of Arrest For Domestic Assault
Journal: American Sociological Review  Volume:49  Issue:2  Dated:(April 1984)  Pages:261-272
Author(s): L W Sherman; R A Berk
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Police Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 80-IJ-CX-0042
Dataset: DATASET 1
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The specific deterrence doctrine and labeling theory predict opposite effects of punishment on individual rates of deviance. The limited cross-sectional evidence available on the question is inconsistent, and experimental evidence has been lacking. The Police Foundation and the Minneapolis Police Department tested these hypotheses in a field experiment on domestic violence.
Abstract: Three police responses to simple assault were randomly assigned to legally eligible suspects: an arrest; 'advice' (including, in some cases, informal mediation); and an order to the suspect to leave for 8 hours. The behavior of the suspect was tracked for 6 months after the police intervention, with both official data and victim reports. The official recidivism measures show that the arrested subjects manifested significantly less subsequent violence than those who were ordered to leave. The victim report data show that the arrested subjects manifested significantly less subsequent violence than those who were advised. The findings falsify a deviance amplification model of labeling theory beyond initial labeling, and fail to falsify the specific deterrence prediction for a group of offenders with a high percentage of prior histories of both domestic violence and other kinds of crime. (Author abstract)
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension; Deterrence effectiveness; Domestic assault; Police decisionmaking
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