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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 93872 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Victimization and Fear of Crime - World Perspectives
Editor(s): R Block
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 105
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Grant Number: 78-SS-AX-0045
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This text presents national studies of victimization, reports on victim surveys at particular locations, focuses on victimization in two cities, and examines the functions of victimization surveys.
Abstract: National victimization studies of Finland, Australia, and the Netherlands are discussed. The Australian and Dutch studies are explicity comparative, and demographic factors such as urbanization and age are viewed as important determinants of the probability of victimization, both in Australia and in the United States. A review of violence in Finland also demonstrates the importance of urbanization and age distributions as factors in the increase of crime. Results of a study of personal and property crimes in rich and poor neighborhoods of Haifa, Israel, are shown to be quite similar to the results of studies conducted in the United States. However, a study of victimization in Xalapa, Mexico, reveals ates of robbery that are far higher even than those of the United States. In addition, studies of serious crime in Montreal, Canada and Amsterdam, the Netherlands, that rely on police records as a cost efficient sample base arrive at virtually identical conclusions: victims are twice victimized, first by the criminal, and then by the criminal justice system. Finally, the text argues that victimization surveys can serve either as indicators of a societal problem or can point toward specific changes; reasons for the failures of victimization surveys are suggested. Included are 81 tables, 7 figures, and approximately 400 references.
Index Term(s): Australia; Canada; Finland; Israel; Mexico; Netherlands; Urban criminality; US/foreign comparisons; Victimization; Victimization surveys
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