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NCJ Number: 93989 Find in a Library
Title: Saturated Enforcement - The Efficacy of Deterrence and Drunk Driving
Journal: Journal of Criminal Justice  Volume:12  Issue:2  Dated:(1984)  Pages:185-197
Author(s): G W Sykes
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 13
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Deterrence theory generally finds support among studies focusing on changes in apprehension certainty, in punishment celerity, or in punishment severity. However, scientific evidence establishing a clear deterrent effect of criminal justice institutions on criminal behavior remains problematic partly because of measurement, design and/or experimental control difficulties.
Abstract: This study attempts to overcome some of these methodological difficulties by measuring deterrence in a drunk driving enforcement program in a small Wisconsin city. It demonstrates a statistically significant relationship between a carefully designed enforcement program and driver response measured by accident rates. This finding is contrary to some recent studies challenging the efficacy of enforcement efforts aimed at traffic accident reductions. A general discussion of deterrence and enforcement amplifies the findings and conclusions. A word of caution is added regarding the findings. (Author abstract)
Index Term(s): Deterrence effectiveness; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Police effectiveness; Research methods
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