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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 94209 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice System in Japan
Author(s): M Tokoyama
Date Published: 1980
Page Count: 38
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Japan
Annotation: Recent trends in juvenile crime and juvenile justice in Japan include a decrease in serious offenses by juveniles and greater efforts by the police to guide juvenile offenders who commit minor offenses.
Abstract: Less serious offenders are now more often sentenced to protective educational measures such as probation and commitment to juvenile training schools. These measures are implemented effectively. Juvenile laws in Japan have changed from the customary laws governing the country in its earliest history to the penal code adopted in 1908 and through the reforms of the legal system undertaken after World War II. The law defines juveniles as persons under age 20, while the draft of the amended Juvenile Law of 1976 contained a provision permitting more active prosecution of juvenile delinquents aged 18 and 19. Following the model of the United States, Japan has adopted the family court system. Hearings are carried out in closed courts to prevent the stigmatization of juvenile suspects. Data tables, notes, and additional descriptions of juvenile case processing and juvenile corrections in Japan are supplied.
Index Term(s): Family courts; Foreign juvenile justice systems; Japan; Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile codes
Note: Revision of a paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences in Oklahoma City in 1980
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