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NCJ Number: 94367 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Maine Rejects Indeterminacy - A Case Study of Flat Sentencing and Parole Abolition
Author(s): D F Anspach; P M Lehman; J H Kramer
Date Published: 1983
Page Count: 149
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
State University of New York at Albany
Albany, NY 12203
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 80-IJ-CX-0063
Sale Source: State University of New York at Albany
1400 Washington Avenue
Albany, NY 12203
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Maine's experience with a change from indeterminate sentencing with parole to a flat sentencing system without parole is evaluated.
Abstract: As part of the national movement to reform penal law, in 1976 Maine abolished its parole board, introduced flat sentencing, graded most offenses into five categories of seriousness, and redefined substantive offenses. The history, process, and context of this change are reviewed. The impact of the change is analyzed in terms of changes in type of sentence, sentence length, sentence certainty, sentence consistency and predictability, and in the load on the State's correction facilities. Maine's sentencing reform has not substantially changed the rate of incarceration. The type of incarceration sentence has changed. A functional equivalent to parole supervision has emerged that is court controlled. Offenders sentenced after the reform are serving more time. The combined effects of the increase in sentence length and in the number of offenders incarcerated have substantially increased the load on the correctional system. There has been an increase in certainty, which is only one characteristic of determinacy. The 1976 sentencing reform has not substantially changed the basis for sentencing decisions or the consistency of those decisions. Figures, 151 footnotes, and about 60 references are included.
Index Term(s): Court reform; Determinate Sentencing; Maine; Parole; Sentencing guidelines; Sentencing reform
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