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NCJ Number: 97160 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Emergence of Probation as a Profession in the Service of Public Safety - The Next Ten Years (From Probation and Justice, P 65-99, 1984, Patrick D McAnany et al, ed. - See NCJ-97157)
Author(s): D Fogel
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 35
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain Publishers, Inc
Boston, MA 02116
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain Publishers, Inc
131 Clarendon Street
Boston, MA 02116
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A 10-year effort should be mounted to revise probation according to the justice model, which would place probation on the continuum of criminal sanctions to overcome the problems involved in probation's use of the treatment model.
Abstract: The revised probation system would have public safety as its goal and would also acknowledge victims as probation clients. It would rest on the principles that a sentence is a measured punishment proportionate to the harm inflicted by the offender and that criminal justice agencies must make justice and fairness overriding goals. When treatment becomes the focus, probation fails to serve the goal of justice. Discretion should be narrowed, controlled, and made reviewable, and probation as a sentence must be made explicit. The presentence investigation should be treated as a legal document and be discoverable by the defendant. Further, judges should have flexibility in determining the particular conditions of the probation order. Treatment should be voluntary. The standard of proof for revocation of probation should be at least as high as for the conviction that produced the probation sentence. Traditional probation practices and premises are incompatible with this model. The National Institute of Corrections should become the national advocate for probation for the next decade. A 10-year developmental plan should be adopted, under combined support from the Federal Government, professional groups, and a private foundation. This effort would produce a training program for probation leadership, a strong professional membership group for probation officers, a probation journal, a clearinghouse for probation information, and several other results by the early 1990's. Notes and 21 references are listed.
Index Term(s): Change management; Correctional reform; Just deserts theory; Probation
Note: Available on microfiche as NCJ-97157.
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=97160

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