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NCJ Number: 97163 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Models of Probation Supervision (From Probation and Justice, P 175-201, 1984, Patrick D McAnany et al, ed. - See NCJ-97157)
Author(s): D E Duffee
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 27
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain Publishers, Inc
Boston, MA 02116
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain Publishers, Inc
131 Clarendon Street
Boston, MA 02116
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper reviews and critiques some relatively well-known models of probation, parole, correctional administration, and supervision in other social service areas, with attention to the similarities and differences in the structures of the models rather than on the differences in service areas and roles on which the models are based.
Abstract: These models try to identify theoretical dimensions underlying correctional agencies' operations and to clarify and order concepts. The single-dimension models specify a single goal dimension along which particular agencies, practices, or staff are expected to range. The extremes represent cultural or political orientations. Packer's crime control and due process models of the criminal process are the best-known example in the criminal justice field. Discussions on prisons have focused on custody versus treatment or punishment and rehabilitation. Dembo's model is the best-known model in correctional field work, particularly in parole. These single-dimension models have led to an emphasis on the ineffectiveness, inefficiency, and sometimes the immorality of combining control and service roles in the same agency or the same set of programs. Some recent studies have raised doubts about the accuracy of analysis based on the single-dimension models. In the 1960's, more complex models emerged. These regarded the previous conflicting goals as separate dimensions and described both caseworker types and agency or worker orientations. However, the two-dimensional models have problems as well. All the models overlook many factors, but each includes some crucial elements of supervision. The models have identified several different levels of concern by focusing on the goals, the procedures, and the people working in agencies. Corresponding to the shift to more complex models has been a shift in emphasis from acceptance of conflict to resolution of conflict between roles and agencies. Further research on the variables involved in the models and on the relationships among the variables is needed. Forty-eight references are listed.
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Models; Probation
Note: Available on microfiche as NCJ-97157.
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