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NCJ Number: 97166 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Professionalization of Probation - An Analysis of the Diffusion of Ideas (From Probation and Justice, P 275-294, 1984, Patrick D McAnany et al, ed. - See NCJ-97157)
Author(s): J T Carey
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain Publishers, Inc
Boston, MA 02116
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

Oelgeschlager, Gunn and Hain Publishers, Inc
131 Clarendon Street
Boston, MA 02116
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the diffusion and acceptance among probation officers of particular explanations of crime and delinquency as presented in articles of the journal 'Federal Probation,' which is believed to be the journal most often read by juvenile probation officers.
Abstract: Study data came from a content analysis of the articles appearing in the journal between 1937 and 1978. A total of 563 articles related to probation were presented during this period. The articles were categorized by main focus, author characteristics, and the following six perspectives on crime and delinquency: social pathology, social disorganization, differential association and value conflict, opportunity theory, the labeling perspective, and the justice model. The dominant perspective in the early years was the social pathology model, and other models gained attention in later decades. Within 2 years of a model's introduction, it appeared in the form of an article written by a high-status practitioner or academic. Within 2 more years, it reached the line officer level; thereafter, the number of contributions declined, suggesting the adoption of the model. The potential for legitimizing a model in practice appeared to be crucial to its appeal; in contrast, its potential for research and data-gathering were not crucial. Thus, the locus of probation's professionalization efforts during the 1980's will be justice-related academic programs. Academicians involved in this development will have to adopt a defensible perspective and demonstrate how it can be implemented in a work setting. Data tables and a list of 20 references are supplied.
Index Term(s): Change management; Correctional reform; Information dissemination; Probation
Note: Available on microfiche as NCJ-97157.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=97166

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