skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 97223 Find in a Library
Title: Crime File: Foot Patrol
Series: NIJ Crime Files
Corporate Author: Police Foundation
United States of America
Date Published: 1984
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Rockville, MD 20850
Police Foundation
Washington, DC 20036
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 84-IJ-CX-0031
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Audiovisual Sales
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20850
United States of America
Document: PDF (Study Guide)|Video (28:53)
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Video (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This video cassette, number 10 in the Crime File series, assesses the impact of police foot patrol in Newark, N.J., and Boston, Mass., and presents a panel discussion of the nature and effects of foot patrol as well as possibilities for improving it.
Abstract: In his opening statement, the moderator states that citizens want police foot patrol in their neighborhoods even though empirical studies indicate that it does not reduce crime. However, he notes that the fear of crime has been reduced in neighborhoods where foot patrol is used. Evaluations of the impacts of foot patrol in Newark and Boston are cited in support of these conclusions. In the panel discussion, Hubert Williams, Newark Police Director, supports the use of foot patrol although it does not reduce crime, because it accomplishes the important goal of reducing citizens' fear of crime. He also describes the tactics of Newark foot patrol officers in patrolling high-rise apartment buildings and dealing with loitering juveniles. Panelist George Kelling, a professor at Harvard University, indicates that foot patrol has the desired effects of providing a felt and visible police presence and of reducing undesirable street activity, which in turn gives citizens a sense of social order in their neighborhoods. Panelist Crisley Wood, Director of the Justice Research Institute and the Neighborhood Crime Prevention Network in Boston, views foot patrol as a key element in community crime prevention. She envisions foot patrol officers becoming organizers of community crime prevention programs. The panelists discuss the implications of foot patrol for the more efficient and effective use of police resources.
Index Term(s): Fear of crime; Foot patrol; Massachusetts; New Jersey; Police crime-prevention; Police-citizen interactions; Program evaluation; Public Opinion of the Police; Videotapes
Note: Videocassette (3/4 inch, Beta, and VHS), 28 minutes in length, color.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.