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NCJ Number: 97276 Find in a Library
Title: Community Policing in New Zealand (From Community Policing Proceedings, P 37-52, 1984, James Morgan ed. - See NCJ-97274)
Author(s): J Morgan
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
National Institute of Justice/
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Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
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Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: After a brief review of community policing in Western liberal democracies this paper examines community policing in New Zealand, with attention to neighborhood support groups, the neighborhood watch program, and other crime prevention efforts.
Abstract: Neighborhood support groups, which are extensions of neighborhood watch programs, reduce the police workload by providing group members with information on support services such as marriage guidance, rape crisis services, and women's refuges. The input required from the police is identified, and factors that determine a support group's survival are discussed. The neighborhood watch program, directed primarily at property protection, is also described. First introduced in New Zealand in 1980, the program has been the subject of community services advertising in the news media, radio, and television. A survey of persons who were not members of the program is discussed, and their reasons for not participating are delineated. Police attitudes about the program's effectiveness are reported: 10 percent find the program ineffective; 36 percent slightly effective; 45 percent, moderately effective; and 9 percent, very effective. An executive summary of an experiment designed to measure police presumptions about the effectiveness of the neighborhood watch program is included. Additional crime prevention efforts, including the New Zealand police school liaison program, the police aid youth section, and the law related education program are also described. Efforts to prevent burglaries of chemist shops are also reported. Finally, policing by consent is addressed, and the problems associated with determining how that consent is to be interpreted are identified.
Index Term(s): Block watch; Community crime prevention programs; Foreign police; Foreign police/community relations; New Zealand; Police juvenile relations; Police school relations
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