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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97277 Find in a Library
Title: Police Community Involvement - A Planned Approach to Effective Crime Prevention (From Community Policing - Proceedings, P 53-78, 1984, James Morgan ed. - See NCJ-97274)
Author(s): D Smith
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey (Cross-Cultural)
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This article chronicles the ongoing escalation of crime and disorder in Australia and examines efforts to counter this through police-community cooperation in crime prevention.
Abstract: Reactive policing is described, and its insufficient focus on minimizing causative factors in crime is noted. Proactive policing is defined as a planned course of action to prevent crime. Results of surveys to ascertain police and community attitudes toward the police role are reported. Attention focuses on the extent, cost, and fear of crime in the State of Victoria, and agencies' efforts to develop a balanced proactive/reactive model of policing or to retain a specialist approach to community involvement are described. Options available for formalizing police/community involvement are considered, with a focus on specialist and generalist responsibilities. Additionally, organizational goals and philosophies are described, and the types of data that police decisionmakers rely on are identified, and suggestions for extending the data base are offered. Finally, the Victoria Police Force is described, and its Police/Community Involvement Program, which includes a neighborhood watch program, is analyzed. The need for police managers to develop alternative methods for controlling crime is highlighted.
Index Term(s): Australia; Community crime prevention programs; Cross-cultural comparisons; Foreign police; Foreign police/community relations
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