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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97287 Find in a Library
Title: Roots of Justice - Crime and Punishment in Alameda County, California 1870-1910
Author(s): L M Friedman; R V Percival
Date Published: 1981
Page Count: 347
Sponsoring Agency: University of North Carolina Press
Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288
Sale Source: University of North Carolina Press
Marketing Manager
Box 2288
Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Based on statistical analysis of documentary sources, newspaper accounts, and criminal casefiles, this volume describes the operations of the criminal justice system in Alameda County, Calif., and its main city, Oakland, between 1870 and 1910.
Abstract: The criminal process from arrest to trial, sentencing, and punishment is traced. Several systems of criminal justice are described, each with its own procedures and each having distinct functions. These systems include the police courts and the crude justice they provided, the more sophisticated treatment of felonies, and the use of full due-process protections at the trials of major cases. The maturing of the system is described, with emphasis on how reform efforts affected the system and on the widening of judicial discretion through the availability of probation, parole, and juvenile justice options. The functions of criminal justice in American society during the period are also explored. Footnotes, data tables, and an index are supplied.
Index Term(s): California; Criminal justice system effectiveness; Criminal justice system reform; Felony courts; History of criminal justice; History of policing; Judicial discretion; Sentencing/Sanctions
Note: Studies in Legal History.
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