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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97289 Find in a Library
Title: Combatting Drug Abuse and Related Crime - Comparative Research on the Effectiveness of Socio-Legal Preventive and Control Measures in Different Countries on the Interaction Between Criminal Behaviour and Drug Abuse
Author(s): F Bruno
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 245
Sponsoring Agency: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
10127 Torino, Italy
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Vienna, A-1400, Austria
Sale Source: United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
Viale Maestri del Lavoro, 10
10127 Torino,
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United Nations
Annotation: This study, conducted in 11 countries from 1980 to 1983, determined the relationship between sociolegal measures and the interaction between drug abuse and criminal behavior.
Abstract: Argentina, Brazil, Costa Rica, Japan, Jordan, Italy, Malaysia, the United States (State of New York), Singapore, Sweden, and the United Kingdom participated. In each country, local researchers conducted the study following a plan developed for the whole project. The multidisciplinary methodology included four phases: a comparative analysis of antidrug legislation, preliminary national reports, eight vignettes administered to different groups to gain information on the perceptions of the justice system, and guided interviews conducted with drug addicts. The data were quantified, and evaluation scales were constructed for purposes of comparison. Binary automatic scoring was applied to data from the vignettes and interviews. The data are shown graphically in 97 tables. Three conclusions are emphasized. First, drug abuse is apparently both quantitatively and qualitatively more serious where the system is perceived as less harsh and more permissive. Second, a significant correlation exists between knowledge of the law and the efficacy of the system. Third, a close association exists between the abuse of drugs and criminal behavior. These points are important for policymakers to consider. The studies in New York, Sweden, and the United Kingdom are outlined. Attachments include a 560-item bibliography and a list of experts and researchers involved in the study. Other publications from the United Nations Social Defense Research Institute are also listed.
Index Term(s): Argentina; Brazil; Costa Rica; Crime in foreign countries; Drug abuse; Drug laws; Drug offenders; Foreign criminal justice systems; Italy; Japan; Jordan; Malaysia; New York; Singapore; Sweden; United Kingdom (UK)
Note: United Nations Social Defense Research Institute, publication number 21.
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