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NCJ Number: 97290 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Using Research - A Primer for Law Enforcement Managers
Author(s): J E Eck
Corporate Author: Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
United States of America
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 176
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
Washington, DC 20036
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 81-IJ-CX-0058
Sale Source: Police Executive Research Forum (PERF)
1120 Connecticut Avenue, NW
Suite 930
Washington, DC 20036
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This primer discusses applied police research as a management tool and identifies issues that must be considered in producing useful and cost effective research.
Abstract: Police managers are taken step-by-step through the research process; the types of decisions a police manager must make when conducting or implementing research are discussed. Distinctions are made between descriptive and evaluative police research, and the ways in which research is useful (for example, to describe new ways to handle problems) are not. The five stages in the research process are summarized: defining the problem, designing the research, collecting the data, analyzing the data, and reporting the findings. The interdependence of these stages is highlighted, and the need for the research to be managed is emphasized. Eight types of resources used to conduct applied police research are identified: time, personnel, expertise, equipment and software, cases, money, power, and imagination. Suggestions for determining whether research is appropriate are offered. The need for a problem to be divided into its component issues and for a model describing the problem's causes and consequences to be developed before research is begun is cited. Two principles of research designs, comparison and control, are discussed; examples illustrate experimental designs, quasi-experimental designs, and passive statistical designs. Planning the data collection strategy is explained, and types of data sources, including observations and official records, are considered. Data analysis techniques, such as tests of significance and statistical techniques, are described, interpretation of the results is discussed. Finally, attention focuses on evaluating others' research and on judging proposed research. Sixty-six references, 13 information sources, approximately 20 tables, and 5 figures are provided.
Index Term(s): Criminal justice research; Police management; Research and development; Research methods; Research uses in policymaking
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