skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 97335 Find in a Library
Title: Managing Environmental Disputes
Journal: Peace and Change  Volume:8  Issue:2/3  Dated:special issue (Summer 1982)  Pages:105-116
Author(s): S L Carpenter
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 12
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The field of environmental conflict management uses a nonadversarial approach with enormous potential for providing efficient and economical procedures for equitably resolving the many environmental controversies that will inevitably occur in the 1980's.
Abstract: Environmental conflicts are a relatively new area in which dispute resolution procedures are being used. These disputes usually have more than two disputants, involve parties with divergent amounts of power, involve complex issues, can result in irreversible decisions, do not have established mediation or arbitration procedures, and may have time requirements for decisions. In addition, the parties may differ widely in ideology and values. Because many conflicts result in programs requiring years to implement and with possibilities for new disagreements, conflict management is often a more appropriate concept than conflict resolution. The stages of conflict resolution are analysis, the design of a plan, and the management of a plan. Four common procedures in conflict management are conciliation, facilitation by an outside party, negotiation, and mediation. Outside intervention agencies handle four categories of conflict management projects: information exchange, policy discussions, cooperative problemsolving, and mediation. A few organizations are currently applying conflict resolution procedures to environmental disputes. To increase the use of these procedures, greater awareness, training programs, and more organizations that offer these services are needed. Funding is also crucial. Notes and three case examples illustrating the use of conflict management techniques in environmental disputes are included.
Index Term(s): Conflict resolution; Dispute resolution; Environmental offenses; Environmental quality
Note: Available on microfiche as NCJ-97327
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.