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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97364 Find in a Library
Title: Conceptual Framework for Child Sexual Abuse (From Handbook of Clinical Intervention in Child Sexual Abuse, P 9-37, 1982, by Suzanne M Sgroi See NCJ-97363)
Author(s): S M Sgroi; L C Blick; F S Porter
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 29
Sponsoring Agency: Lexington Books
New York, NY 10022
Sale Source: Lexington Books
866 Third Avenue
New York, NY 10022
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This paper defines child sexual abuse, describes the spectrum of behavior that constitutes sexual abuse, and explains the dynamics of sexual encounters between adults and children.
Abstract: Child sexual abuse is any sexual act imposed on a child, and incest is such an act by any immediate or extended family member. Sexually abusive behaviors include disrobing, genital exposure, observing the child's nudity, kissing, fondling, masturbation, fellatio, cunhilungus, penetration of the rectal opening with the finger, and vaginal penetration. The sexual activity usually occurs in five separate phases. During the engagement phase, the perpetrator uses persuasion to involve the child in some type of sexual behavior. The sexual interaction phase generally involves more extensive sexual contact. After the sexual contact has occurred, the perpetrator's main task is to commit the child to secrecy. The fourth phase is the disclosure phase, which may entail accidental disclosure or purposeful disclosure. Following disclosure, most cases enter a suppression phase, in which the family attempts to suppress publicity, information, and intervention. Perpetrators are usually satisfying many nonsexual needs. The incest victim's mother is usually in a subordinate position to the perpetrator. Child victims should never be held responsible for the sexual activity. The incestuous family regards outsiders as threatening and fosters a pathological dependence among family members. Sexual abuse is nearly always a profoundly disruptive, disorienting, and destructive experience for the child. Clinicians working with victims need a basic knowledge of the mechanics and dynamics of child sexual abuse in order to have a basis for effective intervention. Case histories are provided, and five references are listed. For the book of which this paper is a chapter, see NCJ 97363.
Index Term(s): Child Sexual Abuse; Family intervention programs; Home environment; Incest; Victim-offender relationships
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