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NCJ Number: 97402 Find in a Library
Title: Nutrition and Criminal Behavior - The State-of-the-Art
Journal: Corrective and Social Psychiatry and Journal of Behavior Techology Methods and Therapy  Volume:31  Issue:1  Dated:(January 1985)  Pages:33-36
Author(s): M Arellano
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 4
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This research review indicates that proper nutrition for children can result in decreased delinquency, criminality, learning disabilities, aggressiveness, and other behavioral problems.
Abstract: The failure of psychological theories and techniques to explain and reduce criminality has led to the reexamination of the relationship between the mind and the body and the suggestion that brain chemistry and functioning may have a direct impact on behavior. Researchers have concluded that an improper diet can disrupt the body's ability to produce energy, thus influencing behavior. Despite the assumption that Americans are overfed because of the Nation's advanced technology and plentiful food, many Americans -- particularly the elderly, the poor, and adolescents -- are not obtaining adequate diets. Sugar is the carbohydrate most responsible for upsetting the central nervous system and behavior. Blood sugar imbalance results from the consumption of food rich in refined white sucrose and is linked to many behavioral symptoms, including depression, agitation, and erratic behavior. Researchers have observed relationships between nutrition and criminal behavior. Several studies have shown that placing juveniles and adult offenders on healthy diets can reduce juvenile delinquency, inmate illness, and inmate disciplinary problems. Optimal diet may make the greatest future contribution to the rehabilitation of offenders. One table and nine references are supplied.
Index Term(s): Aggression; Biological influences; Dietary influences on behavior; Juvenile delinquency factors
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