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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97492 Find in a Library
Title: Mental Health Work in a County Jail - A Heuristic Model
Journal: Journal of Offender Counseling  Volume:5  Issue:1  Dated:(April 1985)  Pages:16-21
Author(s): C B Gacono
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 6
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This article discusses the elements of the San Luis Obispo County Jail Treatment Program (California) and evaluates its impact on short-term recidivism rates.
Abstract: The county jail, a moderate-sized facility with 150 to 250 inmates, offers both inpatient and outpatient treatment. Services are provided in six areas: crisis management, treatment of the psychotic offender, substance abuse counseling, Graduate Equivalency Diploma preparation and testing, vocational counseling, and postrelease counseling and referral. Treatment is provided by part-time personnel: a mental health therapist and coordinator, an educator and vocational counselor, a drug counselor, an alcohol counselor, and a psychiatrist. Emergency psychiatric consultations are available around-the-clock through a community mental health center. Clients are referred to the treatment program by medical and custody staff persons, community agencies, private professionals, families, and self-referral. Clients are admitted to one or more of the program's treatment areas on a voluntary basis; their continuance in treatment is based on motivation and progress. To determine the program's success in reducing recidivism, criminal files from the San Luis Obispo County Sheriff's Department were analyzed to compare reoffense rates of 82 offenders who participated in treatment and 96 who did not. Results reveal that reoffense was significantly more prevalent (55 percent) in the control group than in the experimental group (21 percent). The multiagency treatment modality is determined to successfully address the needs of the offender population in a county jail. One table and 11 references are included.
Index Term(s): California; Data analysis; Jails; Model programs; Psychiatric services; Recidivism
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