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NCJ Number: 97496 Find in a Library
Title: Criminalization and the Detention of 'Political Prisoners' - An Irish Perspective
Journal: Contemporary Crisis  Volume:9  Issue:1  Dated:(March 1985)  Pages:1-17
Author(s): M Findlay
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 17
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: This article analyzes the process of 'criminalization' at various stages within Ireland's criminal justice system and examines the conflict which underlies the application of the criminal sanction to marginally political/criminal activities.
Abstract: Attention is focused on the problems that divide Ireland and on the social discrepancies that separate Catholic and Protestant communities. The two principal strategies used to deal with those involved in terrorist activities since the 1930's are identified: internment and criminalization. The strategy presently in favor rests on treating terrorists simply as criminals and processing them through the criminal courts. However, to do this effectively, the court system has had to be radically modified to deal with those involved in antistate activities. The consequences of this 'criminal court model' are addressed, and ways that court modifications have overlapped into the wider administration of the criminal justice process are identified. The politics of criminal sanction are considered; a number of advantages which may flow from using the courts to deal with 'politically marginal' violence are described. Detention of 'political prisoners' in the Republic of Ireland is explored, the the facilities for education and recreation within the prison are reported. Finally, the conflict caused by 'criminalization' in Ireland is shown to be exemplified in the Portlaoise prison as well as in the Maze prison in Belfast. Thirty-eight notes ares. The consequences of this 'criminal court model' are provided.
Index Term(s): Counter-terrorism tactics; Criminalization; Detention; Foreign criminal justice systems; Ireland; Northern Ireland; Political offenders
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