skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 97524 Find in a Library
Title: Factors Affecting the Incidence of Bus Crime in Los Angeles Final Report
Author(s): N Levine; M Wachs
Corporate Author: University of California, Los Angeles
Institute for Social Science Research
United States of America
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 222
Sponsoring Agency: National Technical Information Service
Springfield, VA 22151
University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA 20590
US Department of Transportation
Washington, DC 20590
Sale Source: National Technical Information Service
US Dept of Commerce
5285 Port Royal Road
Springfield, VA 22151
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report discusses a survey of 1,088 randomly selected households undertaken from November 1983 to April 1984 to measure the incidence of bus crime in west central Los Angeles and to assess sources of reporting error and isolate environmental factors contributing to bus crime.
Abstract: Both bus users and nonusers were interviewed by telephone. The interview questionnaire focused on issues such as bus usage and experience with bus crime. Interviews were conducted in either English or Spanish. One adult, aged 16 or older, was randomly selected from within each household to be interviewed. Analysis of the survey data revealed that the incidence of bus and bus-related crime in west central Los Angeles is much greater than has been documented. About 9 percent of respondents had been victimized, with 3 percent being victimized in 1983 alone. Based on the survey data, it was estimated that about 23,292 bus-related crimes occurred in 1983 in west central Los Angeles (20 to 30 times the official data published by the Southern California Rapid Transit District). Survey responses indicated that victims experienced considerable financial loss, as well as physical and emotional harm. Respondents expressed substantial fear of using buses, especially for travel at night and to downtown Los Angeles. Some significant environmental correlates of bus crime were identified, such as overcrowding on buses and at bus stops. Most crimes occurred in the afternoon and early evening although crimes occurring at night were more life threatening. An analysis of bus stop crimes by specific intersection revealed that the locations of bus stops which have more crime are distributed across the west central Los Angeles area. The survey also revealed strong support for a bus crime prevention program. Respondents offered suggestions to reduce bus and bus-related crimes, such as rescheduling to reduce overcrowding, redesigning the back of the bus to allow better passenger flow, and improving bus drivers' roles in protecting passengers. The report offers three recommendations to (1) revise the current system for collecting information on transit crime, (2) include environmental information in a transit crime data base, and (3) assess the physical and social causes of bus stop crime at particular locations before developing a strategy to protect passengers at bus stops. A total of 49 references are listed. Appendixes include the survey questionnaire, survey data, and technical information on the survey methodology.
Index Term(s): California; Crime surveys; Environmental influences; Mass transit security; Public Opinion of Crime
Note: Report number CA-06-0195, issued in two numbered volumes.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.