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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97559 Find in a Library
Title: Illinois vs Gates
Corporate Author: Legal Update Systems
United States of America
Project Director: B Mattos; D Jensen; K Blase
Date Published: 1983
Sponsoring Agency: Illinois Administrative Office of the Courts
Springfield, IL 62706
Legal Update Systems

Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: Illinois Administrative Office of the Courts
Supreme Court Building
Springfield, IL 62706
United States of America

Not Available Through National Institute of Justice/NCJRS Document Loan Program
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Annotation: This police training video cassette, accompanied by an audio cassette, reenacts the incident that led to the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Illinois vs. Gates and highlights the principles of that decision.
Abstract: The decision eases standards for deciding to what extent police can use information obtained from an informant who is involved in criminal activity. Bloomington police received an anonymous letter informing them that a local couple, Lance and Susan Gates, regularly sold drugs from their home. The police verified the letter's statement concerning the couple's travels to Florida and obtained a search warrant. Huge quantities of marijuana were discovered in the Gates' house and automobile. The Illinois State Supreme Court ordered the drugs suppressed, ruling that the police had not satisfied one prong of the Aguilar-Spinelli Test -- a showing that the informant was credible. The U.S. Supreme Court rejected the rigid application of the Aguilar-Spinelli rule and determined that the requirement that, prior to using an informant, the police officer must show that the informant is 'credible' and his information 'reliable' is highly relevant but not always necessary. The Court stated that the 'totality of the circumstances' is the preferred approach and substituted that approach for the rigid 'two-pronged test' under Aguilar and Spinelli. A booklet accompanying the cassettes highlights the facts in the case and discusses the implications of the Supreme Court's decision.
Index Term(s): Informants; Marijuana; Police legal training; Search warrants; US Supreme Court decisions; Videotapes
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS. video cassette, 13:40 minutes in length, color, rental is available from sales source.
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