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NCJ Number: 97761 Find in a Library
Title: Natural History of a De-Institutionalization Program - The California Subsidy Experiment (From Youth and Crime, Social Control and Prevention, P 47-52, 1984, M Brusten et al, ed. - See NCJ-97757)
Author(s): K S Griffiths
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 6
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: This paper traces the development of California's Probation Subsidy Program and evaluates its success in achieving four goals: (1) decreased use of State correctional facilities, (2) more consistent administration of justice, (3) increased protection of citizens, and (4) offender rehabilitation.
Abstract: The program is attributed to the popularity of the labeling theory, which holds that the criminal justice system stigmatizes and reinforces delinquent behavior and that every effort should be made to limit penetration into the system -- and the program was also prompted by the growth of the youth population in the 1960's. Analysis reveals that only one of the program's four goals was achieved -- the decreased use of State correctional institutions. The most substantial impact occurred in the reduction of commitments to the California Youth Authority. Further, although the legislative goal of more consistent administration of justice was achieved during the early years of the program, substantial differences in commitment rates among counties occurred over time. The program was unsuccessful in increasing citizen protection. California has had a consistently higher crime rate than the United States as a whole. Finally, recidivism rates of offenders under subsidy supervision were compared with those of offenders in regular probation programs and in State correctional programs. No differences in the level of rehabilitative effectiveness were found. However, the program has had numerous unexpected effects, including increases in average length of institutional stay. In 1978, the program was replaced by the County Justice Systems Subvention Program. Seven references are included.
Index Term(s): California; Deinstitutionalization; Juvenile probation; Juvenile program evaluation; Juvenile recidivists
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