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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97795 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Sentencing - Is There a Tariff?
Author(s): D Moxon; P Jones; R Tarling
Corporate Author: Great Britain Home Office
Research and Planning Unit
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office
London. SW1H 9AT, England
Her Majesty's Stationery Office
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
Sale Source: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
PO Box 29
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
United Kingdom
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: Juvenile sentencing in nine courts in England and Wales during 1978 was studied to determine whether a correspondence existed between the offense and the severity.
Abstract: The analysis covered almost 7,000 cases of offenses by males. Females were excluded from the study because they constituted less than 13 percent of all offenders between ages 10 and 16. Two groups of youths were studied: those from 10 to 13 and those from 14 to 16. For those aged 10 to 13, a caution by the police was the most common outcome of an arrest. Analysis of the three most common offense categories -- burglary and robbery, theft and fraud, and shoplifting -- showed, using log-linear modeling techniques, that disposition was significantly related to both offense type and number of previous convictions. In the older age group, over half the sample had previous convictions, the range of offenses was more diverse, and a sizable proportion committed more serious offenses. As with the younger group, a clear link was found between the sentence and the criminal record of the defendant. The influence of the type of offense was stronger for this age group than for the younger offenders. The courts varied in their sentencing practices, in part because of the mix of cases they handled. However, all used a tariff system, moving toward greater use of custody as offense and prior record became more serious. The results provide a benchmark for use in examining changes results provide a benchmark for use in examining changes in practice after the 1982 Criminal Justice Act. Figures, tables, appendixes presenting additional data, and lists of other Home Office research reports are included.
Index Term(s): England; Juvenile sentencing; Penalty severity rating; Wales
Note: Research and Planning Unit Paper number 32.
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