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NCJ Number: 97808 Find in a Library
Title: Fear of Crime - Rational or Not? A Discussion and Some Australian Data
Journal: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Criminology  Volume:17  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1984)  Pages:267-275
Author(s): S Mugford
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 9
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: Fear of crime is discussed in relation to various concomitants interpreted from data gathered from a social survey by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Abstract: The statistical analysis consisted of producing weighted estimates for various reported categories based on 18,674 interviews conducted in 1975. Questions dealt with victimization and fear of crime. Interpretations suggest that fear of crime has two components. One is related to group membership and social support. These affect general levels of anxiety and hence fear of crime. The second relates to the likelihood of victimization. Thus, the elderly's fear of crime may be greater than that of younger individuals, despite lower rates of victimization of the elderly. At the same time, two elderly samples may report a level of fear directly related to a different victimization experience. This model is discussed in relation to victimization and the general psychological distress of Australian women. It is suggested that small differences in fear of crime between married and never-married women from despite higher victimization rates of the former, result from higher levels of distress among the latter which largely 'cancel out' the effect of victimization. It is concluded that policies that reduce objective levels of victimization will also have some effect in reducing fear of crime. (Author abstract modified)
Index Term(s): Australia; Demography; Fear of crime; Victim reactions to crime
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