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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97814 Find in a Library
Title: Deterrence and Subjective Probabilities of Arrest - Modeling Individual Decisions To Drink and Drive in Sweden
Journal: Law and Society Review  Volume:18  Issue:4  Dated:(1984)  Pages:583-604
Author(s): P Shapiro; H L Votey
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 22
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Illegal behavior responding to subjective probabilities of arrest and consequent costs is modeled within a framework of individual choice under uncertainty.
Abstract: The model is formulated for the case of driving while intoxicated and tested with data that include all arrests for drunken driving in Sweden from 1976-1979. Results indicate that an arrest experience reduces the probability that a person will drive while drunk. The results suggest that an arrest increases a person's perceived probability of arrest and/or the unpleasantness of an arrest and thus leads to a reduced chance of acting illegally. (Publisher abstract)
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension; Deterrence effectiveness; Driving Under the Influence (DUI); Models; Sweden
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