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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97820 Find in a Library
Title: Victims of Crime - The Dimensions of Risk
Author(s): M R Gottfredson
Corporate Author: Great Britain Home Office
Research and Planning Unit
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 59
Sponsoring Agency: Great Britain Home Office
London. SW1H 9AT, England
Her Majesty's Stationery Office
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
Sale Source: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
PO Box 29
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
United Kingdom
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: The 1982 British Crime Survey examined factors affecting risk of criminal victimization for three broad categories of crime (personal, household, and motor vehicle) in England and Wales.
Abstract: Interviews were conducted with 11,000 people 16-years-old or above in a sample of representative households. Data were collected on both reported and unreported victimizations and subjects' concerns about crime and their dealings with police. Among factors found to be associated with risk of personal victimization were younger age (16 to 24 years old), male, single marital status, and inner-city residence. Higher risk also was associated with work outside the home, travel on public transport, going out frequently at night, and frequent drinking. Risk of household crime (both burglary and vandalism) was greater among inner-city residents, apartment (versus house) dwellers, and recent movers. Families with children were at greater risk than older persons. Household victimization also was related to personal victimization, self-reported vandalism offending, and to other misfortunes. Overall, thefts of or from motor vehicles were extremely rare. Motor vehicle victimization for subjects in rural areas and with garage parking was about one-fifth that faced by those living in suburbs who parked on the street. Factors producing these differences were similar to those producing differences in risk of personal and household victimization. The relative rarity of serious victimization and the relationship between lifestyle and victimization risk are discussed. Tabular data and 36 references are provided.
Index Term(s): Auto related offenses; Burglary; Crime patterns; Crimes against persons; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Motor Vehicle Theft; Vandalism; Victimization surveys
Note: Home Office Research Study, number 81.
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