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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97862 Find in a Library
Title: Differential Use of Jail Confinement in California - A Study of Jail Admissions in Three Counties - Executive Summary
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency Research Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency Research Ctr
San Francisco, CA 94102
National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 81-IJ-CX-0068
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Dataset: DATASET 1
Type: Statistics
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This executive summary highlights the results of an analysis of approximately 2,100 jail admissions drawn from three California jails -- Los Angeles, San Francisco, and Yolo Counties. It provides demographic, offense, and criminal justice processing data on jail inmates.
Abstract: The sites were chosen because of their diversity in size, urban-rural and suburban character, volume of arrestees processed, administrative convenience, and quality of local records. Random samples of pretrial and sentenced inmates were drawn over 12 months (1982). Data collected on inmates included background information, current offense, prior record, confinement conditions, disciplinary problems, time and method of release, and disposition. The sources of referral to the jails varied by county and depended on the socioeconomic and geographic context as well as local criminal justice policies. In all sites, 48 to 66 percent of the inmates were charged with relatively minor violations of public order, violations of the court process, drunk driving, and traffic offenses. This was the first jail contact for most detainees. The pretrial admission population was predominantly male, youthful, uneducated, black or Hispanic, and unemployed or working at a lower class occupation; they had little or no cash when booked. A significant proportion had either a special admissions problem or were intoxicated. Most defendants held in the Yolo and San Francisco jails were released within 3 days after booking; those in Los Angeles were held longer. A significant proportion had their charges dismissed at court. Inmates sentenced to jail differed from pretrial inmates on one characteristic, denial of pretrial release while awaiting case disposition. The median length of time served for sentenced inmates varied dramatically across the three jails, but only a small percentage served more than 90 days. Disciplinary actions were rare. Policy implications of the study's results are discussed. The summary includes five references.
Index Term(s): California; Inmate statistics; Jail statistics; Jails; Sentencing disparity
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