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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 97873 Find in a Library
Title: Armed Urban Bank Robber - A Profile
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:48  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1984)  Pages:47-53
Author(s): J F Haran; J M Martin
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: To develop a profile of the armed, urban bank robber, detailed life history data and court and reported crime records were used to examine the criminal careers of 500 convicted bank robbers who appeared before the Brooklyn District Court between 1964 and 1976.
Abstract: Of these, 96 percent were male, 96 percent were native-born Americans, and 71 percent were in the 16 to 30-year-old age bracket. Overall, 56 percent were black, 43 percent were white, and 1 percent was Puerto Rican. There was a 67-percent rate of high school dropouts, and 69-percent rate of unemployed. Overall, 33 percent were heroin addicts. Both in their families of origin and in their current relationships, these individuals showed disorganization. The majority (81 percent) had prior adult criminal records. Of the 500, 381 were armed, and less than 25 percent acted alone. Four distinctly different types of bank robbers could be identified in this sample. Heavy career types with 4 or more convictions for property crime, including bank robbery, comprised 29 percent of this population. Casual types, with 2 or 3 property convictions accounted for 25 percent. Compulsive types, whose crime was related to drug or alcohol abuse, accounted for 24 percent. Amateurs with no or one prior conviction accounted for 22 percent. There were more white heavy career and amateur types than black, while blacks dominated in the compulsive and casual categories. Implications of this typology for sentencing policy are discussed, and tabular data are presented.
Index Term(s): Armed robbery; Bank robbery; Criminal career patterns; Criminal histories; Criminal justice research; Criminal methods; New York; Offender profiles
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