skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 97874 Find in a Library
Title: Female Employees in All-Male Correctional Facilities
Journal: Federal Probation  Volume:48  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1984)  Pages:54-65
Author(s): R Etheridge; C Hale; M Hambrick
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Many of the challenges facing female employees of all-male correctional facilities are described and analyzed; coping strategies are suggested.
Abstract: A number of inmate attitudes and expectations heavily influence inmates' interactions with female staff. These probably arise from inmates' prior experience with women, the woman's physical characteristics, and the woman's position/job title. Some of the images inmates hold about women are associated with such encultured sex-role stereotypes as the mother/daughter, peacemaker, rescuer, or bleeding heart. Other roles and images that women may convey are related to power issues in a society where female submission and male dominance are the norms. Personal insecurities about intelligence, being liked, and personal appearance and power may override professionalism and interfere with a woman's job performance. A number of the stereotypes inmates hold converge on sexuality. Attitudes held by the community, family, and spouse, likewise may impact on the woman's performance of her job. Once these attitudes and issues are acknowledged, they can be dealt with. A list of 13 coping strategies, designed to counteract these negative images and attitudes, is presented. Overall, women in the all-male workplace must conduct themselves with the highest degree of professionalism and competence. The presence of women on correctional staffs of all-male institutions provides inmates with positive images of women who exercise power and allows them to observe and interact with women in professional roles. The woman in a male correctional environment must realistically face ingrained attitudes of her male coworker and deal with them while maintaining her sense of self-worth and contribution to her chosen field. Provided are 13 references.
Index Term(s): Correctional personnel; Female correctional guards; Female sex roles; Inmate attitudes; Role perception; Stress management
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.