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NCJ Number: 97908 Find in a Library
Title: Gang Delinquency (From Major Forms of Crime, P 167-190, 1984, Robert F Meier, ed. - See NCJ-97901)
Author(s): M Stafford
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The definitional criteria for adolescent gangs are presented: (1) recurrent congregation with self-defined rules of membership; (2) a territorial basis with a customary ranging area; (3) an age basis; (4) a versatile activity repertoire, including illegal acts; and (5) organizational differentiation by authority, roles, prestige, and friendship.
Abstract: Although studies indicate that the vast majority of delinquency is committed in groups, evidence of reported membership in gangs is difficult to establish. Studies also indicate that gangs are primarily an inner-city slum phenomenon. One variant, however, is the transitional slum characterized by high residential mobility. The second variant is the stable slum in which population shifts are minimal. It has also been found that ganging has always been a predominantly male activity, with male gang members outnumbering female members about 10 to 1. It is suggested that major causes of gang delinquency are: (1) status frustration, (2) differential opportunity, (3) lower class culture, and (4) group process. Further studies treating gang delinquency as a variable rather than a phenotype are recommended. Six notes and 79 references are listed.
Index Term(s): Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile gang behavior patterns; Juvenile/Youth Gangs
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