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NCJ Number: 98114 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Procedure Versus Consequences - Experimental Evidence of Preferences for Procedural and Distributive Justice (From Courts and Criminal Justice, P 13-34, 1985, Susette M Talarico, ed. - See NCJ-98113)
Author(s): A M Heinz
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
Sage Publications, Inc
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 76-NI-99-0088
Sale Source: Sage Publications, Inc
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, CA 91320
United States of America
Dataset: DATASET 1
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The attitudes of participants toward their felony court experience were examined through structured interviews with defandants, victims, and police officers involved in felony cases that were part of a random sample of 840 chosen in a field study of plea bargaining.
Abstract: Of the subjects who were available by telephone or in a correctional facility, 54 percent of the defendants, 78 percent of the victims, and 63 percent of the police completed interviews. Some of the victims and defendants had been part of an experiment in which they could be present at plea negotiations, which took place with the judge present. The study aimed to determine whether the fairness of the proceedings or the fairness of the outcome was more strongly reflected in the subjects' perceptions. The influence of the stakes, in terms of costs and benefits of potential outcomes, was also considered. Data were analyzed using multiple regression equations. The structure of the perceptions about court experience differed among the three groups. Outcome and procedural measures formed a single factor for the defendants and separate dimensions for victims and police. Inconsistent evidence was found regarding the preference for trials over plea negotiations. For all groups, perceptions that the procedures had been fair and that their views had been heard were related to satisfaction with the outcome, although the strength of the relationship dropped as the size of the stakes declined. The effects of the stakes were more important for the defendants and victims than they were for the police. Defendants were more satisfied with the outcome when the stakes were lowest, whereas victims and police were more satisfied when the stakes were higher. Data tables, 13 notes, and 25 references are included.
Index Term(s): Plea negotiations; Police attitudes; Public Opinion of the Courts; Victim attitudes
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