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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98207 Find in a Library
Title: Impact of Recent Legislation on California's Burglary Rate and Sentencing Practices
Corporate Author: California Legislative Analyst
United States of America
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 37
Sponsoring Agency: California Legislative Analyst
Sacramento, CA 95814
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examines the impact of Chapter 42, Statutes of 1980, which prohibits probation for persons convicted of residential burglary, on the crime rate and sentencing in California.
Abstract: Uniform Crime Report (UCR) and National Crime Survey (NCS) burglary data for California were examined for the years 1981 and 1982, following the passage of Chapter 42 and prior to the implementation of two additional statutes increasing the penalties for burglary. Both data sets show a decline in residential burglary rates for the years studied. However, UCR data show a decline beginning in 1981, while NCS data show a decline beginning in 1977. Similar declines were found for other States during this period, although few others have increased penalties. Since enactment, superior courts have sentenced burglars to prison with greater frequency and have granted probation with a jail term with less frequency. To a lesser extent, municipal courts have begun to impose jail terms as a condition of probation with greater frequency and straight probation with less frequency. Because of the decline in burglary rates in other States and other factors which may underly such declines, the decreasing rate found in California cannot be attributed solely to Chapter 42. It has resulted, however, in more prison sentences for convicted burglars. By taking these offenders off the street, it is almost certain the Chapter 42 has had some impact on burglary rates.
Index Term(s): Burglary; California; Crime rate studies; Deterrence effectiveness; Evaluative research; Law reform; Sentencing guidelines; Sentencing/Sanctions
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