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NCJ Number: 98222 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Plea Negotiation in Juvenile Court
Author(s): J B Sanborn
Date Published: 1984
Page Count: 363
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 81-IJ-CX-0017
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This text describes a study conducted in Philadelphia Juvenile Court from the fall of 1979 through the summer of 1981 to ascertain and describe the many facets associated with the plea bargaining process in juvenile court.
Abstract: Observation was the primary method of data collection. However, prosecutors and defense counsel were interviewed, and the files of pretrial cases not resolved at that stage (and of cases at other stages in which the defendant refused to plea bargain) were reviewed. Analysis reveals that three groups of interrelated activities operated in juvenile court. The first, negotiated justice, includes plea negotiation, dismissal bargaining, litigation negotiation, and postconviction negotiation. The second consists of nonnegotiated guilty pleas; the third, unilateral dismissals. The judge, prosecutor, and defense counsel are instrumental in determining whether plea negotiation occurs; parents and probation officers play only limited roles in these determinations. Essentially, plea bargains in juvenile court are structurally similar to (i.e., charge and sentence bargains) those in adult courts and are generated by many of the same reasons (both sides get acceptable results). However, no jury trial is offered to juvenile defendants, there is no threat of trial penalty, and role distortion does not occur. Plea negotiations and pleading guilty in juvenile court are concluded not to violate the fundamental fairness constitutionally owed each juvenile defendant. Studies should be undertaken to see how the Philadelphia Court compares with other juvenile courts across the country. Approximately 200 references are included.
Index Term(s): Juvenile court procedures; Juvenile courts; Juvenile judges; Pennsylvania; Plea negotiations
Note: State University of New York at Albany - doctoral dissertation.
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