skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 98239 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: No Single Cause - Juvenile Delinquency and the Search for Effective Treatment
Author(s): R L Jenkins; P H Heidemann; J A Caputo
Corporate Author: American Correctional Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 197
Sponsoring Agency: American Correctional Assoc
Alexandria, VA 22314
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: American Correctional Assoc
206 N. Washington St., Suite 200
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This volume explores the nature and causes of juvenile delinquency and ways to address it. According to the book, juvenile delinquency results from two sets of environmental influences.
Abstract: 'Maladaptive' or 'frustration' delinquency results from inadequate socialization in early life, and 'adaptive' or 'motivation' delinquency, which develops later, results from environmental stress and pressure. The authors urge that commitment of delinquent youths to an effective training school is the best method for reducing chronic delinquency, especially among boys. They also advocate that delinquents sent to training schools be actively encouraged to change their behavior to win early release, that juvenile crime penalties be predictable and prompt in order to act as deterrents, and that probation -- if administered swiftly and to the 'right' juveniles -- can be an effective penalty for juvenile delinquents. Photographs, an index, 108 references, appendixes are supplied. For related document, see NCJ 98223.
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (juvenile); Correctional institutions (juvenile); Juvenile delinquency factors; Juvenile delinquency prevention; Juvenile delinquency research; Psychiatric testimony; Socialization
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.