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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98251 Find in a Library
Title: Jail Overcrowding/Alternatives to Pretrial Detention
Corporate Author: Bureau of Justice Assistance
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1985
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: Bureau of Justice Assistance
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This program brief synthesizes the results of research and demonstration projects aimed at reducing jail overcrowding and provides guidance for jurisdictions implementing a program of proven effectiveness with funding assistance provided by the Justice Act of 1984.
Abstract: A 5-year research effort (1973-1977) sponsored by the National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice outlined alternatives to jail -- diversion, pretrial release, and sentencing options. The action program tested the systemwide planning approach to alleviate jail overcrowding over 4 years at 21 sites. A 3-year evaluation showed that the project sites did a better job than control sites in screening pretrial detainees and developing alternatives that saved thousands of jail days. Also, standards were developed for local detention facilities, covering such topics as administration, management, and inmate supervision. A systemwide jail policy board should be created and should review all the data on the causes of jail overcrowding and on proposed solutions. A screening system should be developed for defendant classification and implemented by a responsible unit of State government. At the local level, the core program includes a planning effort followed by an implementation project; Federal agencies provide training, technical assistance, and program manuals for State and local teams. Successful implementation of the jail overcrowding program has fostered benefits such as interagency cooperation in planning and implementing the program and early case screening. Functions and agencies involved, State, local, and Federal contacts, and sources of technical assistance are listed; a 10-item bibliography is included.
Index Term(s): Jails; Pretrial detention; Pretrial programs; Prison management; Prison overcrowding
Note: Program Brief.
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