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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 98264 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: Review of Court Decisions Affecting Affirmative Action in Criminal Justice Employment
Author(s): C Dunning
Corporate Author: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
School of Social Welfare
United States of America
Date Published: 1982
Page Count: 76
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
NCJRS Photocopy Services
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
Milwaukee, WI 53201
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 81-IJ-K003
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This review examines court cases and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission decisions affecting affirmative action in law enforcement employment.
Abstract: The 1971 decision in Griggs versus Duke Power Co. and the 1972 amendments to the Civil Rights Act increased the extent of affirmative action litigation. Such suits reached a peak in 1977. While trying to balance the degree of adverse or disparate impact with business necessity, the courts have moved to place the burden of proof increasingly upon the public agency. A disproportionate number of cases and affirmative action efforts focused upon the law enforcement profession relative to other private and public employments. While significantly represented, cases involving firefighters and correctional officers have been less numerous. Cases have generally involved discrimination in recruitment, selection, and promotion practices and policies, particularly with regard to race and sex. Specific areas of challenge have included height and weight standards, education, testing (including psychological testing), and physical ability. Overall, cases involving the police parallel all facets of employment discrimination challenges and have set directions for litigation and the eradication of discrimination in employment. The most prevalent result of these suits has been the issuance of a court order directing defendants to revise examination and employment practices, and in some cases, meet quota designations. Tabular data and a listing of case references are provided.
Index Term(s): Criminal justice research; Discrimination; Equal opportunity employment; Judicial decisions; Performance requirements; Police personnel promotion; Police personnel selection; Police policies and procedures; Police staff recruitment; Racial discrimination; Sex discrimination
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